Discussions about the meaning of terrorism are enduring in everyday language, government policy, news reporting, and international politics. And disagreements about both the definition and the class of violent events that constitute terrorism contribute to the difficulty of formulating effective responses aimed at the prevention and management of the threat of terrorism and the development of counterterrorism policies. Constructions of Terrorism collects works from the leading scholars on terrorism from an array of disciplines—including communication, political science, sociology, global studies, and public policy—to establish appropriate research frameworks for understanding how we construct our understanding of terrorism.
INTRODUCTION: CONSTRUCTIONS OF TERRORISM
SCOTT ENGLUND, MICHAEL STOHL, AND RICHARD BURCHILL
1. CAN TERRORISM BE DEFINED?
2. MISOVERESTIMATING TERRORISM
JOHN MUELLER AND MARK G. STEWART
3. TERRORISM AS TACTIC
DAVID H. SCHANZER
4. THE CONSTRUCTION OF STATE TERRORISM
5. KILLING BEFORE AN AUDIENCE: TERRORISM AS PERFORMANCE VIOLENCE
6. CONSTRUCTING TERRORISM: FROM FEAR AND COERCION TO ANGER AND JUJITSU POLITICS
7. FRAMING TERRORISM: THE COMMUNICATIVE CONSTITUTION OF THE TERRORIST ACTOR
BENJAMIN K. SMITH, SCOTT ENGLUND, ANDREA FIGUEROA- CABALLERO, ELENA SALCIDO, AND MICHAEL STOHL
8. SOME THOUGHTS ON CONSTRUCTIONS OF TERRORISM AND THE FRAMING OF THE TERRORIST THREAT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
9. CONTRADICTIONS IN THE TERRORIST DISCOURSE AND CONSTRAINTS ON THE POLITICAL IMAGINATION OF VIOLENCE
10. LEGAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF TERRORISM
11. DO DIFFERENT DEFINITIONS OF TERRORISM ALTER ITS CAUSAL STORY?
RACHEL LEVIN AND VICTOR ASAL
12. ANALYZING PATHWAYS OF LONE-ACTOR RADICALIZATION: A RELATIONAL APPROACH
STEFAN MALTHANER AND LASSE LINDEKILDE
13. CONSTRUCTING CULTURES OF MARTYRDOM ACROSS RELIGIONS, TIME, AND SPACE
14. INTRODUCING THE GOVERNMENT ACTIONS IN TERROR ENVIRONMENTS (GATE) DATA SET
LAURA DUGAN AND ERICA CHENOWETH
15. THE WORLD VERSUS DAESH: CONSTRUCTING A CONTEMPORARY TERRORIST THREAT
SCOTT ENGLUND AND MICHAEL STOHL
CONCLUSION: UNDERSTANDING HOW TERRORISM IS CONSTRUCTED
SCOTT ENGLUND, MICHAEL STOHL, AND RICHARD BURCHILL CONTRIBUTORS
Michael Stohl is Professor of Communication, Political Science, and Global Studies and Director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Richard Burchill is Director of Research and Engagement at TRENDS Research and Advisory, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Scott Howard Englund is Non-Resident Fellow at TRENDS Research and Advisory and a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
In a crowded field, Constructions of Terrorism
stands out for its analytically and empirically rigorous analysis of the multiplicity of ways in which ‘terrorism’ is understood, studied, and countered today. In an outstanding and refreshingly coherent volume, a distinguished group of scholars from a number of different disciplinary perspectives, provides much-needed clarity and insight on a particularly tricky problem: What exactly is terrorism, and how can we best understand it? This original collection needs to be widely read by journalists, politicians, counter-terrorism officials, new and established scholars, and anyone who wants to better understand political violence today.
--Richard Jackson, University of Otago, New Zealand
"This volume seeks to look at terrorism from many angles, with some of the best minds in the field of terrorism studies coming up with new insights into a phenomenon that has baffled policymakers for decades. Counter-terrorism would be less counterproductive if policymakers would take heed of their advice."
--Alex P. Schmid, Research Fellow and Director of the Terrorism Research Initiative at the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, The Hague