When people think of hackers, they usually think of a lone wolf acting with the intent to garner personal data for identity fraud. But what about the corporations and government entities that use hacking as a strategy for managing risk? Why Hackers Win asks the pivotal question of how and why the instrumental uses of invasive software by corporations and government agencies contribute to social change. Through a critical media studies and communication lens, the book focuses on the struggles of breaking and defending the “trusted systems” underlying our everyday use of technology. It compares the United States and the European Union, exploring how cybersecurity is a structural feature of digital capitalism, and how the competitive advantage that hackers provide corporations and governments actually afford new venues for commodity development and exchange. Presenting prominent case studies of global players in the global cybersecurity market, the book proposes a political economic model regarding commodification of software vulnerabilities and exploits, and clearly illustrates the true social function of hacking.