"Sahar Aziz deftly examines the peculiar place of Muslims in the American imagination, studying a religious minority that has been treated as a racial minority, objectified as terrorist, denied the religious freedom our tradition celebrates, and instead subjected to the profiling, monitoring, and policing that our tradition has too often practiced. An essential book for understanding how American law and culture have constructed an image of the Muslim that bears no resemblance to reality and betrays our failure to practice what we preach."—David Cole, National Legal Director, ACLU, and author of Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism
“The Racial Muslim
provides the crucial historical and legal background of the links between white Protestant Christian supremacy in the US—which racialized not only Native Americans and African Americans as inferior but also American Catholics, Jews, and Mormons, not to mention East Asian immigrants—and the ongoing racialization in the US of Muslim immigrants and their American descendants. Meticulously researched and seamlessly written, Aziz’s book is crucial for all those concerned with how race and religion remain completely intertwined in American law and society today and how they are weaponized against American Muslims.”—Joseph Massad, Professor of Modern Arab Politics and Intellectual History at Columbia University and author of Islam in Liberalism
"Aziz has written a fabulous book that highlights the inherent paradox that exists in America between commitment to religious freedom and rising levels of Islamophobia. Aziz traces the historical developments that produce today’s Racial Muslim. With sophisticated insights and empirical cases, Aziz unpacks the social and legal historical processes that reinforce the status quo. This book is a wonderful addition to the scholarship on Muslims in America."—Amaney A. Jamal, Professor of Politics at Princeton University and author of Of Empires and Citizens: Pro-American Democracy or No Democracy at All?
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"While Trump’s immigration rules targeting and excluding Muslim immigration were widely denounced, the origins of this travesty and other related anti-Muslim policies have not been fully excavated. The Racial Muslim performs this essential work in mapping how Muslim religious identity is racialized. Identifying the roles of distinct forms of Orientalism, American empire, Christian religious hierarchy and anti-Black racism that shape the concept of Muslim as a racial identity, Aziz provides powerful insight into the ways in which forms of racialization evolve. This book provides invaluable lessons for resisting white supremacy as an enduring yet shape-shifting feature of the American story."—Cheryl Harris, Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation Chair in Civil Rights and Civil Liberties at UCLA School of Law
"The Racial Muslim is a provocative argument and remarkable analysis of the connections and tensions between race and religion. Scholars like Sahar Aziz are more necessary than ever in these perilous times."—Ian F. Haney López, Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of Public Law, University of California, Berkeley and author of Merge Left: Fusing Race and Class, Winning Elections, and Saving America