While many have interpreted the cooperative movement as propagating a radical alternative to capitalism, Cooperative Rule shows that in the late British Empire, cooperation became an important part of the armory of colonialism. The system was rooted in British rule in India at the end of the nineteenth century. Officials and experts saw cooperation as a unique solution to the problems of late colonialism, one able to both improve economic conditions and defuse anticolonial politics by allowing community uplift among the empire's primarily rural inhabitants. A truly transcolonial history, this ambitious book traces the career of cooperation from South Asia to Eastern and Central Africa and finally to Britain. In tracing this history, Windel opens the doors for a reconsideration of how the colonial career of cooperation and community development influenced the reimagination of community in Europe and America from the 1960s onward.