From the Introduction:
The principal question that is posed in this study is, what has been the influence of Mao’s united front doctrine on China’s foreign policy? A related but secondary question is also considered: In what ways, if any, has China's participation in the international system caused Peking to revise its conception of a united front in world politics?
Insofar as Mao's thoughts about united fronts are part of the total array of theories and operational principles that make up the Chinese communist “ideology,” this essay considers one aspect of the relationship between ideology and foreign policy. Since this question has long been the subject of a mostly inconclusive and often circular academic debate, [Armstrong states his] reasons for returning to it here. The first is that the problem is no less important because it admits of no easy solution. Indeed, with the breakdown in the twentieth century of even the limited consensus over norms and values that permitted a great power concert to exist for part of the nineteenth, the question is clearly one of major significance in contemporary international relations. Since China has become in many ways a symbol of the postwar ideological challenge to the established order in world politics, the question is particularly relevant in a study of China’s foreign policy. Finally, by combining a strictly limited focus of enquiry with a systematic approach to the problem it may be possible to overcome some of the analytical difficulties that surround the larger issue of the relation of ideas to social practice.
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1977.
Revolutionary Diplomacy Chinese Foreign Policy and the United Front Doctrine
About the Book
From the Introduction:
Reviews“One of the most thoughtful and provocative analyses of contemporary Chinese foreign relations to be published in many years, this book by J. D. Armstrong is primarily an attempt to identify the role of ideology in Peking's foreign policy. A secondary concern is to explore changes in Chinese policy, particularly those that might indicate Peking’s adaptation to influences from the international system. . . . it is a pleasure to find a book . . . so ambitious in scope, so confident and forceful in presentation, and generally so successful in achieving what the author intended. [T]his book sets a high standard for both conceptual clarity and empirical richness that all of us working on Chinese foreign relations will be hard pressed to equal.”—American Historical Review
"[I] recommend strongly that serious students of Chinese affairs and foreign policy give this book their close attention. . . . This is a challenging book. . . lively, literate, and unfailingly interesting."—Annals
"This is a small jewel of a book. . . . The author superbly elucidates through conceptualization and empirical testing precisely how an important aspect of communist ideology effects Chinese foreign policy. . . . Even at the most mundane level of historical recapitulation, this book is a reliable and valuable guide to the events encompassed by its case studies. Armstrong is disciplined in his assessment of allegations concerning Chinese behavior, particularly covert, as weighed against evidence and logic. No political bias or preconceptions cloud his vision. . . . Revolutionary Diplomacy will inform the generalist and specialist alike and deserves wide use in the classroom and in government. It is a model for further inquiry into the wellsprings of Chinese foreign policy."—American Political Science Review