Hungarian composer and musician Zoltán Kodály (1882–1967) is best known for his pedagogical system, the Kodály method, which has been influential in the development of music education around the world. For the first time, author Anna Dalos considers Kodály’s career beyond the classroom and provides a comprehensive assessment of his works as a composer. In addition to the inspiration of Hungarian folk music, which is commonly ascribed to Kodály’s composition, this volume presents his most important musical experiences, including the impact of Brahms, Wagner, Debussy, Palestrina, and Bach. Dalos highlights other decisive, extramusical impulses, such as World War I’s bitter experience, Kodály’s reception of classical antiquity, and even Kodály’s interpretation of the male and female roles in his music. Dalos’s impressive knowledge of the twentieth-century composer provides a timely and much-needed English-language treatment of Kodály.