This provocative history of early cold war America recreates a time when World War III seemed imminent. Headlines were dominated by stories of Soviet slave laborers, brainwashed prisoners in Korea, and courageous escapees like Oksana Kasenkina who made a “leap for freedom” from the Soviet Consulate in New York. Full of fascinating and forgotten stories, Cold War Captives explores a central dimension of American culture and politics—the postwar preoccupation with captivity. “Menticide,” the calculated destruction of individual autonomy, struck many Americans as a more immediate danger than nuclear annihilation. Drawing upon a rich array of declassified documents, movies, and reportage—from national security directives to films like The Manchurian Candidate—his book explores the ways in which east-west disputes over prisoners, repatriation, and defection shaped popular culture. Captivity became a way to understand everything from the anomie of suburban housewives to the “slave world” of drug addiction. Sixty years later, this era may seem distant. Yet, with interrogation techniques derived from America's communist enemies now being used in the “war on terror,” the past remains powerfully present.
List of Illustrations
Introduction: Between Camps
1. Upper East Side Story: Repatriation, Romance, and Cold War Mobilization
2. Bloc-Busters: The Politics and Pageantry of Escape from the East
3. Stalin's Slaves: The Rise of Gulag Consciousness
4. First Captive in a Hot War: The Case of Robert Vogeler
5. Prisoners of Pavlov: Korean War Captivity and the Brainwashing Scare
Epilogue: Returns and Repercussions
List of Abbreviations
Susan L. Carruthers is Associate Professor of History at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, in Newark. She is the author of The Media at War: Communication and Conflict in the Twentieth Century and Winning Hearts and Minds: British Governments, the Media, and Colonial Counter-Insurgency 1944-1960.
"Cold War Captives is a strikingly original, scrupulously researched, and endlessly provocative work of cultural history that offers countless new insights into the bipolar mind of postwar America. Enlightening and informative, erudite but never stuffy, this book is a model of historical retrieval and critical interpretation."—Thomas Doherty, author of Cold War, Cool Medium: Television, McCarthyism, and American Culture
"Cold War Captives is a wonderfully rich account of early cold war culture and politics. Carruthers writes with clarity and élan, illuminating aspects of the cold war that no one has heretofore explored."—Marilyn Young, author of The Vietnam Wars 1945-1990