The life of Count Harry Kessler (1868-1937), the famous Anglo-German art patron, writer, and activist, offers a vivid and engrossing perspective on the tumultuous transformation of art and politics that took place in modern Europe between 1890 and 1930. In the first half of his career Kessler was one of the most ardent and well-known champions of aesthetic modernism in Imperial Germany, becoming a friend and patron to pioneering artists and writers of his day, most notably French sculptor Aristide Maillol, Belgian architect Henry van de Velde, English theater designer Gordon Craig, and Austrian poet and playwright Hugo von Hofmannsthal and, in his capacity as director of the Museum of Arts and Crafts in Weimar and vice-president of the German Artists League, served as a spokesman and lightning rod for embattled modern art. In the aftermath of the First World War, in which he served as a soldier, propagandist, and secret agent, Kessler embarked on a public career as a committed internationalist and pacifist, a stance that led ultimately to his exile from Germany upon the Nazi seizure of power. Making use of the recently discovered portions of Kessler's extensive diaries, one of the most remarkable journals ever written, Laird Easton explains the reasons for this startling metamorphosis, showing for the first time the continuities between Kessler's prewar aestheticism and his postwar politics and highlighting his importance within the larger history of the rise of modern art and politics. This lively narrative, the first English-language biography of Harry Kessler, provides a rich and fascinating portrait of the man whom W. H. Auden called "a crown witness of our times."
Introduction: Art and Politics in Modern Germany
I. Family and Education
III. The Third Weimar
IV. The Fever Curve
V. War's Purifying Fire
VI. The Red Count
VII. The Path Downward
Conclusion: A World Forever Lost?
Laird M. Easton is Associate Professor of History at California State University, Chico.
"Easton has written a fluent, incisive, and compelling book."—Michael Ermarth Journal Of Modern History
“Produced a lively account of one of the most fascinating figures of the modernist era. . . well-written book.”—James C. Albisetti German Studies Review
“Laird Easton's book is a richly nuanced evocation of the overlapping multiple realms in which Kessler moved. With its masterful combination of detail and overarching structure, of personal and political, of narrative and analysis, this book should be on scholars' bookshelves as well as on their class reading lists.”—Beth Irwin Lewis H-Net Reviews In Humanities & Social Sciences
"A richly contextualized portrait of a key Weimar figure, who deserves to be better known. Easton is a lively writer."—Martin Jay, University of California, Berkeley
"Provocative and original. The Red Count
should be welcomed by a growing number of cultural historians interested in reassessing the politics of European modernism and in current debates about the trajectory of German political culture and cultural politics in the decades before the rise of fascism."—Kevin Repp, Yale University
"A major addition to understanding the cultural contributions Germany made to the modernist impulse, especially in the years before 1914. Kessler’s numerous activities, as delineated by the author, attest to the cosmopolitanism of many within Germany’s urban, liberal elite. The Red Count
is extremely well-written. Easton’s prose is fluid, colorful, and eminently readable. " —Marion Deshmukh, George Mason University