The Reverend Howard Finster (1916–2001) was called the “backwoods William Blake” and the “Andy Warhol of the South,” and he is considered the godfather of contemporary American folk and visionary art. This book is the first interpretive analysis of the intertwined artistic and religious significance of Finster’s work within the context of the American “outsider art” tradition. Finster began preaching as a teenager in the South in the 1930s. But it was not until he received a revelation from God at the age of sixty that he began to make sacred art.
A modern-day Noah who saw his art as a religious crusade to save the world before it was too late, Finster worked around the clock, often subsisting on a diet of peanut butter and instant coffee. He spent the last years of his life feverishly creating his environmental artwork called Paradise Garden and what would ultimately number almost fifty thousand works of “bad and nasty art.” This was visionary work that obsessively combined images and text and featured apocalyptic biblical imagery, flying saucers from outer space, and popular cultural icons such as Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe, Henry Ford, Mona Lisa, and George Washington. In the 1980s and 90s, he developed cult celebrity status, and he appeared in the Venice Biennale and on the Tonight Show. His work graced the album covers of bands such as R.E.M. and Talking Heads. This book explores the life and religious-artistic significance of Finster and his work from the personal perspective of religion scholar Norman Girardot, friend to Finster and his family during the later years of the artist’s life.
Note on Internet Citations and Additional Web Resources
Preface: Stories about Stories
Introduction. Once upon a Time: Encountering the Word Made Flesh
1. On the Finster Trail: The Business of Howard Finster’s Divine Busyness
2. Signs of the Times: Howard Finster and Prophetic Reenchantment
3. The Matter of My Mission: Howard Finster’s Religious Template
4. The First and Second Noah: Howard Finster’s Ark of Myth and Meaning
5. The Finster Mythos: Just the Facts in Howard Finster’s Mythic Life
6. Snakes in the Garden: Life and Death in Paradise
7. The Strange Beauty of Bad and Nasty Art: Toward a Finsterian Aesthetic
Conclusion. Howard Finster: The Hidden Man of the Heart
List of Illustrations
Norman Girardot is University Distinguished Professor Emeritus of religion at Lehigh University.
"An important book for anyone interested in outsider art, folk art, Southern studies, and American religion." - STARRED REVIEW—Library Journal
"Entertaining and insightful . . . a thoroughly researched and illuminating book."—John Foster Raw Vision
“Utilizing an original religious-studies perspective, Girardot opens up the scholarship on the visionary image maker who thrust the imagination into uncomfortable spiritual acrobatics and countercultural mythological intuition.”—David Morgan, Professor of Religious Studies, Duke University, and author of The Embodied Eye: Religious Visual Culture and the Social Life of Feeling
“Envisioning Howard Finster is a mythological tale rooted in serious and extensive scholarship that greatly enriches our knowledge of Finster and his context in late twentieth-century American culture.”—Colin Rhodes, author of Outsider Art: Spontaneous Alternatives
“Introducing astute comparisons between Finster and other artists, spiritual leaders, and historical figures, Girardot raises timely, provocative questions regarding Finster’s place in the art world, Southern evangelical Protestantism, popular culture, and American history.”—Tom Patterson, freelance writer, independent curator, author of Howard Finster: Stranger from Another World and St. EOM in the Land of Pasaquan