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The Free Speech Movement Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960s

List of Contributors
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List of Contributors

MARGOT ADLER is a correspondent for National Public Radio, and has been reporting for NPR since 1978. Before then she reported news and public affairs for Pacifica and hosted free form radio shows on WBAI-FM. She is the author of Drawing Down the Moon and Heretic's Heart: a Journey through Spirit and Revolution. She graduated from UC Berkeley in 1968, after which she received her MA from the Columbia School of Journalism. In 1982 she was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard.

BETTINA APTHEKER is professor and chair of Women's Studies at UC Santa Cruz. She was on the FSM Steering Committee and was later active in the movement against the Vietnam War and the movement to free Angela Davis. Her books include: The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela DavisWoman's Legacy: Essays on Race, Sex, and Class in American History;  and Tapestries of Life: Women's Work, Women's Consciousness and the Meaning of Daily Experience. She is at work on a memoir, "Brooklyn Tracks."

MALCOLM BURNSTEIN is a prominent Bay Area movement lawyer. He has been active in that capacity since the late 1950s. In the 1960s he used his legal training in behalf of such causes as the Free Speech Movement, including the legal defense of the students arrested in Sproul Hall on December 3, 1964. He retired from his practice in 2001.

KEITH CHAMBERLAIN, a retired Presbyterian Minister, has lived and worked in Germany since 1971.  In addition to campus ministry positions in Berkeley, Berlin and Frankfurt, he has been a parish minister and chaplain at the Frankfurt Airport, where he was involved with the problems of refugees. He was acting University Pastor at Westminster House, the Presbyterian campus center, at the time of the FSM.

ROBERT COHEN is director of New York University's Social Studies Program and Associate Professor in NYU's Department of Teaching and Learning, with an affilated appointment in the History Department. He received his PhD at Berkeley 1987. He is author of When the Old Left Was Young: Student Radicals and America's First Mass Student Movement, 1929-1941, and editor of Dear Mrs. Roosevelt: Letters from Children of the Great Depression. He is preparing an edited volume of Mario Savio's speeches and writings.

ROBERT COLE is Professor of Law Emeritus at Boalt Hall, the law school of UC Berkeley. His main fields are constitutional law, torts, and professional ethics. He received his LL.B from Harvard, where he was book review editor of the Harvard Law Review, and later served as a law clerk at the U.S. Supreme Court. Shortly after the FSM, he served a term as faculty consultant to the new Berkeley Chancellor, Roger Heyns.

KATE COLEMAN, a veteran Bay Area journalist, has written for numerous publications, including  Ramparts,  New West,  Ms, Women Sports, the LA Times Magazine,  LA WeeklySan Francisco, and Salon. She has written extensively on the Black Panther Party as well as on such cultural figures as Miss America, Jane Fonda, Michael Douglas, and Zsa Zsa Gabor. She is currently writing a biography of Earth First activist Judi Bari.

JO FREEMAN received her BA from UC Berkeley in 1965, her PhD in Political Science from the University of Chicago in 1973, and her JD from New York University School of Law in 1982. She is the author of three books, including A Room at a Time: How Women Entered Party Politics, and numerous articles, and is editor or co-editor of seven volumes, most recently the co-edited Waves of Protest: Social Movements Since the Sixties.

JACKIE GOLDBERG is currently a California State Assembly Member. She previously served as a member and President of the Los Angeles Board of Education and as a member of the Los Angeles City Council. She was a member of the FSM Steering Committee in the fall of 1964.

SUZANNE GOLDBERG is a practicing psychotherapist and an artist. During the Free Speech Movement she was a delegate of the Graduate Coordinating Committee to the FSM Steering Committee and was a frequent public speaker in behalf of the FSM.

DAVID A. HOLLINGER, who received his PhD from the UC Berkeley History Department in 1970, is now the Preston Hotchkis Professor of American History in that department. His most recent books are Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism and Science, Jews, and Secular Culture.

CLARK KERR is Professor Emeritus of Economics and Business Administration, UC Berkeley and President Emeritus, University of California. He served as the Berkeley Chancellor in 1952-58 and as President of the University in 1958-67. His publications include The Uses of the University and The Gold and the Blue: A Personal Memoir of the University of California, 1949-1967, Vol 1: Academic Triumphs; Vol. 2: Political Turmoil.

WENDY LESSER is the editor of The Threepenny Review. She was educated at Harvard, Cambridge, and UC Berkeley. The author of six books and editor of one, she has received fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the NEH, the ACLS, the Columbia Journalism School, and elsewhere. She lives in Berkeley with her husband and their son.

LAWRENCE W. LEVINE taught for thirty-two years in the UC Berkeley History Department; since 1994 he has been on the faculty at George Mason University. His books include Black Culture and Black Consciousness; Highbrow/Lowbrow; The Opening of the American Mind; and (with Cornelia Levine) The People and the President: America's Conversation with FDR.

LEON LITWACK is Alexander F. and May T. Morrison Professor of American History at UC Berkeley, where he received both his BA and PhD degrees. His 1980 book, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery, received the Pulitzer Prize in History. His most recent books are Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow and (as co-author) Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America. He is co-editor of The Harvard Guide to African American History.

JEFF LUSTIG, who received his PhD at UC Berkeley, is Professor of Government at the State University of California, Sacramento and the current Secretary of the California Faculty Association. He is the author of Corporate Liberalism: The Origins of Modern American Political Theory as well as numerous articles and reports.

GREIL MARCUS attended UC Berkeley as an undergraduate in 1963-67 and as a graduate student in Political Science in 1967-72. He taught the American Studies seminar "Prophecy and the American Voice" at both Berkeley and Princeton in 2000. He is the author of Lipstick Traces, The Old, Weird America, and The Dustbin of History, among other books. He lives in Berkeley.

WALDO MARTIN is Professor of History at UC Berkeley, where he received his PhD in 1980. He specializes in African American political, social, and cultural history. He is the author of The Mind of Frederick Douglass and Brown v. Board of Education: A Brief History With Documents , and co-editor of Civil Rights in the United States: An Encyclopedia.

HENRY MAYER is the author of All On Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery, which won the J. Anthony Lukas Book Prize and was nominated for the National Book Award, and A Son of Thunder: Patrick Henry and the American Republic. During the FSM he was a History delegate to the Graduate Coordinating Committee. In 1967 he was co-chair (with Caleb Foote) of Berkeley's Study Commission on University Governance, and he was co-author of its published report, The Culture Of The University: Governance and Education. His death in July 2000 was a terrible loss to his friends, his loved ones, and American letters.

ROBERT POST is the Alexander F. and May T. Morrison Professor of Law at Boalt Hall, the law school of UC Berkeley. He is the author of Constitutional Domains: Democracy, Community, Management and the editor of Censorship and Silencing: Practices of Cultural Regulation.

JONAH RASKIN is the chair of the Communication Studies Department at Sonoma State University. He is the author of For the Hell of It: The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman and Out of the Whale: Growing up in the American Left.

JULIE A. REUBEN is Professor of Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She is the author of Making of the Modern University: Intellectual Transformation and the Marginalization of Morality. She is currently completing a book tentatively titled "Campus Revolts: Politics and American Higher Education in the 1960s."

W. J. RORABAUGH received his PhD from UC Berkeley in 1976. His publications include Berkeley at War: The 1960s and Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties. He is Professor of History at the University of Washington in Seattle.

DOUG ROSSINOW is Associate Professor of History and Chair of the Department of History, Religious and Women's Studies at Metropolitan State University in Minneapolis. He is the author of The Politics of Authenticity: Liberals, Christians, and the New Left in America. His current book project is called "The Vital Margin: Interpreting "Progressive" Politics in Modern America."

MICHAEL ROSSMAN is a writer and mathematics teacher. He is currently the president of FSM-A, an organization dedicated to the gathering, preservation, and dissemination of materials related to the FSM, and editor of the FSM-A Newsletter. He is the author of The Wedding Within the War and New Age Blues, and co-author of The Rossman Report (the subject of his essay in the present volume).

MARTIN ROYSHER was a member of the FSM Steering Committee. He received both his BA degree (History) and his PhD degree (Sociology) at UC Berkeley. In 1967 he was a member of the Study Commission on University Governance. A specialist in the fields of urban politics and society and public health, he has held a variety of positions in both the public and the private sectors.

LYNNE HOLLANDER SAVIO, who studied at Bryn Mawr College and graduated from UC Berkeley, was an active participant in the FSM and one of the co-authors of The Rossman Report. She now lives in Sonoma County, where she works as a public school librarian. She is the widow of Mario Savio and heads the Board of Directors of the Mario Savio Memorial Lecture and Young Activist Award.

MARIO SAVIO, a veteran of the Bay Area and Southern Civil Rights movements, was the FSM'S most influential orator and its most famous organizer. Educated at Manhattan College, Queens College, UC Berkeley, and San Francisco State University, he received his BS (summa cum laude, with designation as "outstanding science student") and MS degrees in Physics from the last named school. He taught mathematics, logic, and interdisciplinary courses in science and literature at Sonoma State University. In addition to his political and social writings, he published "AE (Aristotle-Euler) Diagrams: an Alternative Complete Method for the Categorical Syllogism," Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic (Fall 1998). Many aspects of his rich and often complicated life are treated in the present volume. Mario died in 1996 at the age of 53. This book is dedicated to his memory.

STEVE WEISSMAN has been an editor of Ramparts and a television producer for the BBC. His films appeared on PBS. He has written for newspapers and magazines throughout the world and co-authored The Islamic Bomb. Now living in France, he is working on a book called Phantoms of Lost Liberty: Free Speech and the Terrorists. In 1964 he was a member of the FSM Steering Committee and a leader of the Graduate Coordinating Committee

LEON WOFSY is Professor Emeritus of Molecular and Cell Biology/Immunology at UC Berkeley. He joined the Berkeley faculty in 1964, just before the birth of the FSM. From 1949 to 1955 he was National Chairman of the Labor Youth League, a Marxist youth organization. He is the author of many scientific papers and articles on social issues and of a memoir, Looking for the Future. He is editor of a book on the Cold War, Before the Point of No Return.

REGINALD E. ZELNIK, who received his PhD from Stanford, is Professor of History at UC Berkeley and former Chair of that department. He was a new Acting Assistant Professor at Berkeley at the time of the FSM. In 1967 he was a member of the Study Commission on University Governance. His most recent books are Law and Disorder on the Narova River: The Kreenholm Strike of 1872 and the edited volume, Workers and Intelligentsia in Late Imperial Russia: Realities, Representations, Reflections.