The Symbolist art movement of the late nineteenth century forms an important bridge between Impressionism and Modernism. But because Symbolism, more than the two movements it links, emphasizes ideas over objects and events, it has suffered from vague and conflicting definitions. In Symbolist Art in Context, Michelle Facos offers a clearly written, comprehensive, and accessible description of this challenging subject. Reaching back into Romanticism for Symbolism's origins, Facos argues that Symbolism enabled artists (including Munch and Gauguin) to confront an increasingly uncertain and complex world—one to which pessimists responded with themes of decadence and degeneration and optimists with idealism and reform.
In Defense of Presidential Libraries: Why the Failure to Build an Obama Library Is Bad for Democracy
There will be no Barack Obama Presidential Library. Think about that for a moment. Let it sink in. The nation’s first African American president will not have a presidential library administered by …Read More >