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Driven into Paradise

The Musical Migration from Nazi Germany to the United States

Reinhold Brinkmann (Editor), Christoph Wolff (Editor)

Available worldwide

Hardcover, 386 pages
ISBN: 9780520214132
September 1999
$73.95, £62.00
The forced migration of artists and scholars from Nazi Germany is a compelling and often wrenching story. The story is twofold, of impoverishment for the countries the musicians left behind and enrichment for the United States. The latter is the focus of this eminent collection, which approaches the subject from diverse perspectives, including documentary-style newspaper accounts and an exploration of Walt Whitman's poetry in the work of Paul Hindemith and Kurt Weill.

The flood of musical migration from Germany and Austria from 1933 to 1944 had a lasting impact. Hundreds of musicians and musicologists came to the United States and remained here, and the shaping power of their talents is incalculable. Several essays provide firsthand insights into aspects of American cultural history to which these émigrés made essential contributions as conductors, professors, and composers; other essays tell of the traumatic experience of being exiled and the difficulties of finding one's way in a foreign country. While the migration infused the U.S. with a distinctly European musical awareness, at the same time the status and authority of its participants tended to intervene in the development of a genuinely American cultural voice. The story of the unprecedented migration that resulted from Nazism has many dimensions, and Driven Into Paradise illuminates them in deeply human terms.
Milton Babbitt
Reinhold Brinkmann
Hermann Danuser
Peter Gay
Bryan Gilliam
Lydia Goehr
Stephen Hinton
David Josephson
Kim H. Kowalke
Walter Levin
Bruno Nettl
Pamela M. Potter
Alexander L. Ringer
Anne C. Shreffler
Christoph Wolff
Claudia Maurer Zenck
Reinhold Brinkmann is Professor of Music at Harvard University and has written extensively on Schoenberg, Brahms, and Wagner. Christoph Wolff is Professor of Music at Harvard University and is the author of Mozart's Requiem (California, 1993), among other works.
"This is a long overdue and brilliant contribution to our understanding of the intellectual migration from Europe. The essays in this volume illuminate in new ways the experiences of musicians and scholars who fled Europe."—Leon Botstein, Music Director, American Symphony Orchestra

"With a sweep and coherence very rare in essay collections, this volume immediately takes its place as one of the most important publications on twentieth-century music. The range of source materials is dazzling: anecdotes, letters, memoirs, interviews, newspaper articles, musical scores, films, and archival documents. Handled with deft scholarship, they add up to a balanced yet deeply moving account of how figures of exile experienced and transformed American culture."—Walter Frisch, author of The Early Works of Arnold Schoenberg

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