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This authoritative work provides an essential perspective on terrorism by offering a rare opportunity for analysis and reflection at a time of ongoing violence, threats, and reprisals. Some of the best international specialists on the subject examine terrorism’s complex history from antiquity to the present day and find that terror, long the weapon of the weak against the strong, is a tactic as old as warfare itself. Beginning with the Zealots of the first century CE, contributors go on to discuss the Assassins of the Middle Ages, the 1789 Terror movement in Europe, Bolshevik terrorism during the Russian Revolution, Stalinism, “resistance” terrorism during World War II, and Latin American revolutionary movements of the late 1960s. Finally, they consider the emergence of modern transnational terrorism, focusing on the roots of Islamic terrorism, al Qaeda, and the contemporary suicide martyr. Along the way, they provide a groundbreaking analysis of how terrorism has been perceived throughout history. What becomes powerfully clear is that only through deeper understanding can we fully grasp the present dangers of a phenomenon whose repercussions are far from over. This updated edition includes a new chapter analyzing the rise of ISIS and key events such as the 2015 Paris attacks.
Preface to the 2016 Edition
Preface to the 2007 Edition
1 Introduction (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
2 Terrorism as a Strategy of Insurgency (Ariel Merari)
PART I: THE PREHISTORY OF TERRORISM
3 Zealots and Assassins (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
4 Manifestations of Terror through the Ages (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
PART II: TERRORISM FROM 1789 TO 1968
5 The Invention of Modern Terror (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
6 Anarchist Terrorists of the Nineteenth Century (Olivier Hubac-Occhipinti)
7 Russian Terrorism, 1878–1908 132 (Yves Ternon)
8 The “Golden Age” of Terrorism (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
9 Lenin, Stalin, and State Terrorism (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
10 Terrorism in Time of War: From World War II to the Wars of National Liberation (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
PART III: TERRORISM SINCE 1968
11 From 1968 to Radical Islam (Gerard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin)
12 The Roots of Islamic Radicalism (Philippe Migaux)
13 Al Qaeda (Philippe Migaux)
14 The Future of the Islamist Movement (Philippe Migaux)
15 Suicide Operations: Between War and Terrorism (Francois Gere)
16 The United States Confronting Terrorism (Arnaud Blin)
17 Terrorism in Southeast Asia—Threat and Response (Rohan Gunaratna)
18 Jihadism in the Age of ISIS (Gerard Chaliand)
Bibliographical Addendum, 2006–2016
Gérard Chaliand taught at the École nationale d’administration and the École de guerre in France and is currently a visiting professor at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His many books include A Global History of War, The Art of War in World History, and Guerrilla Strategies.
Arnaud Blin is Director of the Center for Global Policy and Governance Studies. A historian of war and conflict, he is the author or coauthor of fifteen books, including Les batailles qui ont changé l’Histoire, Tamerlan, and Le terrorisme. His books have been published in seven languages.
“Provides a useful and levelheaded survey of a subject that is regularly misunderstood and often manipulated.”—San Francisco Chronicle