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Thinking Globally

A Global Studies Reader

Mark Juergensmeyer (Editor)

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In this accessible text, Mark Juergensmeyer, a pioneer in global studies, provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging field of global studies from regional, topical, and theoretical perspectives. Each of the twenty compact chapters in Thinking Globally features Juergensmeyer’s own lucid introduction to the key topics and offers brief excerpts from major writers in those areas. The chapters explore the history of globalization in each region of the world, from Africa and the Middle East to Asia, Europe, and the Americas, and cover key issues in today's global era, such as:

• Challenges of the global economy
• Fading of the nation-state
• Emerging nationalisms and transnational ideologies
• Hidden economies of sex trafficking and the illegal drug trade
• New communications media
• Environmental crises
• Human rights abuses

Thinking Globally is the perfect introduction to global studies for students, and an exceptional resource for anyone interested in learning more about this new area of study.
PREFACE:
A Friendly Introduction to Global Studies

A. INTRODUCTION
1. THINKING GLOBALLY
What is globalization and how do we make sense of it?
Manfred Steger, “Globalization: A Contested Concept,” from Globalization: A Very Short Introduction
Thomas Friedman, “The World is Ten Years Old,” from The Lexus and the Olive Tree
Paul James, “Approaches to Globalization,” Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Steven Weber, “How Globalization Went Bad,” from Foreign Policy

2. GLOBALIZATION OVER TIME
Globalization has a history—the current global era is prefaced by periods of economic interaction, social expansion, and intense cultural encounters.
William McNeill, “Globalization: Long-Term Process or New Era in Human Affairs?” in New Global Studies
Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper, “Imperial Trajectories,” in Empires in World History
Immanuel Wallerstein, “On the Study of Social Change,” in The Modern World System
Dominic Sachsenmeier, “Movements and Patterns: Environments of Global History” in Global Perspectives on Global History

B. THE MARCH OF GLOBALIZATION—BY REGIONS
3. AFRICA: THE RISE OF ETHNIC POLITICS IN A GLOBAL WORLD
The impact of the slave trade and colonialization on Africa, influence of African culture on the Americas, and African aspects of the global rise of ethnic politics.
Nayan Chanda, “The African Beginning,” in Bound Together
Dilip Hiro, “Slavery,” in Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Jeffrey Haynes, “Africa Diaspora Religions,” from Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Jacob Olupona, from “Thinking Globally About African Religion,“ in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religion
Okwudiba Nnoli, “The Cycle of ‘State-Ethnicity-State’ in African Politics,” from MOST Ethno-Net Africa

4. THE MIDDLE EAST: RELIGIOUS POLITICS AND ANTI-GLOBALIZATION
The rise of global religious cultures from the Middle East, and current religious politics as part of a global challenge to secularism.
Mohammed Bamyeh, “The Ideology of the Horizons” in The Social Origins of Islam
Said Arjomand, “Thinking Globally About Islam,” in Oxford Handbook of Global Religion
Jonathan Fox, “Are Middle East Conflicts More Religious?” in Middle East Quarterly
Barah Mikail, “Religion and Politics in Arab Transitions,” FRIDE policy brief

5. SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA: THE FLOW OF TRADE AND CULTURE
The spread of Asian cultures from India and Central Asia via trade routes; the role of South Asia in global trade and information technology.
Richard Foltz, “The Silk Road and Its Travelers” in Religions of the Silk Road
Morris Rossabi, “The Early Mongols,” in Khublai Khan: His Life and Times
Vasudha Narayanan, “Hinduism” in The Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Barbara D. Metcalf and Thomas R. Metcalf, “Revolt, the Modern State, and Colonized Subjects 1848-1885” in A Concise History of India
Carol Upadhya and A.R. Vasavi, “Outposts of the Global Information Economy” in In an Outpost of the Global Economy: Work and Workers in India’s Technology Industry

6. EAST ASIA: GLOBAL ECONOMIC EMPIRES
The role of East Asia in global economic history, and the rise of new economies in China, Japan, and South Korea based on global trade.
Kenneth Pomeranz, “Exotic Goods and the Velocity of Fashion,” in The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy
Andre Gunder Frank, “The 21st Century Will Be Asian” from The Nikkei Weekly
Steven Radelet, Jeffrey Sachs, and Jong-Wha Lee, “Economic Growth in Asia” in Emerging Asia
Ho-fung Hung, “Is the Rise of China Sustainable?” China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism

7. SOUTHEAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: THE EDGES OF GLOBALIZATION
The emergence of Southeast Asia from colonial control; the rise of Australia, New Zealand and Pacific Islands on the edges of globalization.
Georges Coedes, “Conclusion,” in The Indianized States of Southeast Asia
Benedict Anderson, “The Last Wave,” in Imagined Communities
Sucheng Chan, “Vietnam, 1945-2001: The Global Dimensions of Decolonization, War, Revolution, and Refugee Outflows.”
Celeste Lipow MacLeod, “Asian Connections,” in Multiethnic Australia: Its History and Future
Joel Robbins, “Pacific Islands Religious Communities, in Oxford Handbook of Global Religion

8. EUROPE AND RUSSIA: NATIONALISM AND TRANSNATIONALISM
The role of Europe in creating the concept of the nation, transnational politics in the Soviet Union, and the rise of the European Union.
Peter Stearns, “The 1850s as Turning Point: The Birth of Globalization?” in Globalization in World History
Eric Hobsbawm, “The Nation as Novelty,” from Nations and Nationalism since 1780
Seyla Benhabib, “Citizens, Residents, and Aliens in a Changing World” from The Postnational Self
Odd Arne Wested, “The Empire of Justice: Soviet Ideology and Foreign Interventions” in The Global Cold War
Jurgen Habermas, “Citizenship and National Identity: Some Reflections on the Future of Europe” in Praxis International

9: THE AMERICAS: DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
The European conquest of the Americas, the rise of new societies, and varying patterns of economic development within a global context.
Charles C. Mann, “Prologue,” 1493: Discovering the New World Columbus Created
Tzvetan Todorov, “Conquest: The Reasons for the Victory,” in The Conquest of America
Francis Fukuyama, “Introduction” in Falling Behind: Explaining the Development Gap Between Latin America and the United States
Denis Lynn Daly Heyck, “Introduction” in Surviving Globalization in Three Latin American Communities

C. TRANSNATIONAL GLOBAL ISSUES
10. GLOBAL FORCES IN THE NEW WORLD ORDER
Paradigms for thinking about the new world order (or disorder) in the post-Cold War global era.
Benjamin Barber, “Introduction” from Jihad vs. McWorld
Samuel Huntington, “The New Era in World Politics-A Multipolar, Multicivilizational World,” from The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order
Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, “Preface” to Empire
Saskia Sassen, "Cities," Encyclopedia of Global Studies

11. THE EROSION OF THE NATION-STATE
The fading strength of the nation-state and the rise of alternative conceptions of world order.
Kenichi Ohmae, “The Cartographic Illusion” from The End of the Nation-State
Susan Strange, “The Westfailure System” from Review of International Studies
Zygmunt Bauman, “After the Nation-State, What?” in Globalization: The Human Consequences.
William Robinson, “The Transnational State” from A Theory of Global Capitalism

12. RELIGIOUS POLITICS AND THE NEW WORLD ORDER
The religious challenge to the secular state in new conceptions of political order.
Monica Duffy Toft, Daniel Philpott, Timothy Samuel Shah, “The Twenty-First Century as God’s Century,” in God’s Century: Resurgent Religion and Global Politics
Mark Juergensmeyer, “Religion in the New Global Order”
Olivier Roy, “Al Qaeda and the New Terrorists” from Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah
Richard Falk, "Gaining Perspectives on the Present,” from Religion and Humane Global Governance

13. TRANSNATIONAL ECONOMY AND GLOBAL LABOR
Economic globalization-- its relation to national economies, the growth of transnational corporations, and the changing role of labor.
Richard P. Appelbaum, “Outsourcing,” in The Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Nelson Lichtenstein, “The Wal-Mart Template for Global Capitalism” in New Labor Forum
Robert B. Reich, "Who is Us?"
Jagdish Bhagwati, from “Two Critiques of Globalization,” in In Defense of Globalization
Joseph Stiglitz, from “The Way Ahead” in Globalization and its Discontents

14. GLOBAL FINANCE AND FINANCIAL INEQUALITY
Changes in the concept of money and international financial markets.
Benjamin J. Cohen, “Money in International Affairs” from The Geography of Money
Stephen J. Kobrin, “Electronic Cash and the End of National Markets” from USIA Electronic Journal
Glenn Firebaugh, “Massive Global Income Inequality,” in The New Geography of Global Income Inequality
Dani Rodrik, “Globalization for Whom?” Harvard Magazine

15. DEVELOPMENT AND THE ROLE OF WOMEN
Competing views of development and the role of women in the global economy.
Alvin Y. So, “Conclusion” from Social Change and Development
Mayra Buvinic, “Women in Poverty: A New Global Underclass” from Foreign Policy pop
Kum Kum Bhavnani, John Foran, Priya Kuriyan, Debashish Munshi, “From the Edges of Development” from On the Edges of Development: Cultural Interventions

16. THE HIDDEN GLOBAL ECONOMY OF SEX AND DRUGS
Illegal traffic in people and drugs, and the global attempts to control them.
David Shirk, “Introduction,” The Drug War in Mexico: Confronting a Common Threat
Eduardo Porter, “Numbers Tell of Failure in Drug War,” New York Times
Kevin Bales, from “The New Slavery,” in Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy
Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild, “Introduction” Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the Global Economy

17. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH CRISES
The principal environmental and health problems that transcend national boundaries and global attempts to alleviate them.
Catherine Gautier, “Climate Change,” Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Ron Fujita, "Turning the Tide," in Heal the Ocean: Solutions for Saving our Seas
Hakan Seckinelgin, “HIV/AIDS” in Encyclopedia of Global Studies

18. GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS AND NEW MEDIA
The role of new media—video, internet, social networking—on global culture and organization.
Yudhishthir Raj Isar, “Global Culture and Media,” from The Encyclopedia of Global Studies
Michael Curtin, “Media Capital in Chinese Film and Television” in Playing to the World’s Biggest Audience: The Globalization of Chinese Film and TV
Natana DeLong-Bas, ”The New Social Media and the Arab Spring,” Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Pippa Norris, “The Worldwide Digital Divide,” Harvard University Kennedy School of Government

19. THE GLOBAL MOVEMENT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Transnational networks supporting human rights and legal protection for all.
Micheline Ishay, “Globalization and Its Impact,” The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era
Alison Brysk, “Transnational Threats and Opportunities,” in Globalization and Human Rights
Eve Darian-Smith , “Human Rights as an Ethic of Progress,” in Laws and Societies in Global Contexts: Contemporary Approaches
David Held, “Changing Forms of Global Order,” Cosmopolitanism

20. THE FUTURE OF GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY
The emerging sense of global citizenship, and nongovernmental organizations and movements comprising a new “global civil society”—is this the global future?
Mary Kaldor, “Social Movements, NGOs and Networks” from Global Civil Society
Jan Nederveen Pieterse, “Shaping Globalization” in Global Futures
Giles Gunn, “Being Other-Wise” from Ideas to Die for: Cosmopolitanism in a Global Era
Kwame Anthony Appiah, “Making Conversation” from Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Mark Juergensmeyer is Professor of Sociology and Global Studies and Director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. A scholar and writer best known for his studies of religious violence and global religion, he has also written on conflict resolution and on South Asian religion and society. He has authored or edited over twenty books, including Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State and the UC Press best-seller Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence.
"This comprehensive reader expertly assembles pivotal contributions to the growing transdisciplinary field of global studies. Linking the pressing global issues of our time to relevant regional developments, Mark Juergensmeyer successfully challenges his readers to think globally while paying attention to their concrete local environments." —Manfred B. Steger, Professor of Political Science, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, and author of Globalization: A Very Short Introduction

"Thinking Globally is the first textbook to give an effective overview of global studies as an intellectual field and emergent academic discipline. Juergensmeyer's work has the added virtue of giving a detailed account of global studies in all its complexity."—Dr Peter Phipps, Global Studies, RMIT, Melbourne.

"Thinking Globally is an outstanding model of the intellectual and practical issues involved with globalization and its study."—John Nemec, Associate Professor of Indian Religions and South Asian Studies, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia

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