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This vividly detailed revisionist history exposes the underworld of the largest metropolis of the early modern Mediterranean and through it the entire fabric of a complex, multicultural society. Fariba Zarinebaf maps the history of crime and punishment in Istanbul over more than one hundred years, considering transgressions such as riots, prostitution, theft, and murder and at the same time tracing how the state controlled and punished its unruly population. Taking us through the city's streets, workshops, and houses, she gives voice to ordinary people—the man accused of stealing, the woman accused of prostitution, and the vagabond expelled from the city. She finds that Istanbul in this period remains mischaracterized—in part by the sensational and exotic accounts of European travelers who portrayed it as the embodiment of Ottoman decline, rife with decadence, sin, and disease. Linking the history of crime and punishment to the dramatic political, economic, and social transformations that occurred in the eighteenth century, Zarinebaf finds in fact that Istanbul had much more in common with other emerging modern cities in Europe, and even in America.
List of Illustrations
Note on Transliteration and Translation
Introduction: A Mediterranean Metropolis
Part One. Political and Social Setting
1. Istanbul in the Tulip Age
2. Migration and Marginalization
3. Istanbul between Two Rebellions
Part Two. Categories of Crime
4. Crimes against Property and Counterfeiting
5. Prostitution and the Vice Trade
6. Violence and Homicide
Part Three. Law and Order
7. Policing, Surveillance, and Social Control
8. Ottoman Justice in Multiple Legal Systems
9. Ottoman Punishment: From Oars to Prison
Epilogue: The Evolution of Crime and Punishment in a Mediterranean Metropolis
Appendix: A Janissary Ballad from the 1703 Rebellion
Fariba Zarinebaf is Associate Professor of History at the University of California at Riverside and author, with J.L. Davis and J. Bennett, of An Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece: Southwest Morea in the Eighteenth Century.
“Another addition to the small but growing number of works that have been shedding light on the history of the Ottoman Empire. . . . Rarely does a study succeed with equal brilliance on both the large and small scales of analysis.”—Reqat Kasaba Journal Of Interdisciplinary History
“A well-crafted, informative narrative. . . . Zarinebaf addresses the difficult questions scholars face when thinking about Ottoman law and order. . . . [The book offers] fascinating insights into the application of Ottoman law.”—Virginia H. Aksan, McMaster University The Historian
“Fariba Zarinebaf puts crime and punishment at the center of this history of the global making of the modern state.”—Meltem Tokosoz Insight Turkey