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Representing an unprecedented collaboration among international scholars from Asia, Europe, and the United States, this volume rewrites the history of East Asia by rethinking the contentious relationship between Confucianism and women. The authors discuss the absence of women in the Confucian canonical tradition and examine the presence of women in politics, family, education, and art in premodern China, Korea, and Japan.
What emerges is a concept of Confucianism that is dynamic instead of monolithic in shaping the cultures of East Asian societies. As teachers, mothers, writers, and rulers, women were active agents in this process. Neither rebels nor victims, these women embraced aspects of official norms while resisting others. The essays present a powerful image of what it meant to be female and to live a woman’s life in a variety of social settings and historical circumstances. Challenging the conventional notion of Confucianism as an oppressive tradition that victimized women, this provocative book reveals it as a modern construct that does not reflect the social and cultural histories of East Asia before the nineteenth century.
List of Illustrations and Tables
Notes on Conventions
Comparative Time Chart for China, Korea, and Japan
PART I. SCRIPTS OF MALE DOMINANCE
1. The Patriarchal Family Paradigm in Eighth-Century Japan
2. The Last Classical Female Sovereign: KQken-ShQtoku TennQ
Joan R. Piggott
3. Representation of Females in Twelfth-Century Korean Historiography
4. The Presence and Absence of Female Musicians and Music in China
Joseph S.C. Lam
PART II. PROPAGATING CONFUCIAN VIRTUES
5. Women and the Transmission of Confucian Culture in Song China
6. Propagating Female Virtues in ChosPn Korea
7. State Indoctrination of Filial Piety in Tokugawa Japan: Sons and Daughters in the Official Records of Filial Piety
PART III. FEMALE EDUCATION IN PRACTICE
8. Norms and Texts for Women’s Education in Tokugawa Japan
Martha C. Tocco
9. Competing Claims on Womanly Virtue in Late Imperial China
Fangqin Du and Susan Mann
Part IV. Corporeal and Textual Expressions of Female Subjectivity
10. Discipline and Transformation: Body and Practice in the Lives of Daoist Holy Women of Tang China
Suzanne E. Cahill
11. Versions and Subversions: Patriarchy and Polygamy in Korean Narratives
JaHyun Kim Haboush
Recommendations for Further Reading
List of Contributors
Dorothy Ko is Professor of History at Barnard College, Columbia University. She is the author of Every Step a Lotus: Shoes for Bound Feet (California, 2001). JaHyun Kim Haboush is King Sejong Professor of Korean Studies at Columbia University and the editor and translator of The Memoirs of Lady Hyegyong: The Autobiographical Writings of a Crown Princess of Eighteenth-Century Korea (California, 1996). Joan R. Piggott is Associate Professor of History at Cornell University and the author of The Emergence of Japanese Kingship (1997).
“A signal contribution to the study of gender and social history in East Asia.”—Katherine Carlitz American Historical Review
"The essays are remarkable."—Asian Affairs
“An essential read.”—Religious Studies Review