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World Atlas of Biodiversity

Earth’s Living Resources in the 21st Century

B. Groombridge (Author), M.D. Jenkins (Author)

Available worldwide

Hardcover, 352 pages
ISBN: 9780520236684
October 2002
$63.00, £43.95
The World Atlas of Biodiversity is an updated edition of Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth's Living Resources, originally published in 1992 and reissued in 2000 as Global Biodiversity: Earth's living resources in the 21st Century. This 2002 edition, totally redesigned and updated, includes new data and graphics, additional photos, and additional material on food issues and biodiversity, as well as an entirely new chapter on protected areas and other conservation issues.

World Atlas of Biodiversity addresses the remarkable growth in concern at all levels for living things and the environment, and increased appreciation of the links between the state of ecosystems and the state of humankind. Building on a wealth of research and analysis by the conservation community worldwide, this book provides a comprehensive and accessible view of key global issues in biodiversity. It outlines some of the broad ecological relationships between humans and the rest of the material world and summarizes information on the health of the planet. Opening with an outline of some fundamental aspects of material cycles and energy flow in the biosphere, the book goes on to discuss the expansion of this diversity through geological time and the pattern of its distribution over the surface of the Earth, and trends in the condition of the main ecosystem types and the species integral to them.
List of tables, figures and maps
Foreword
Introduction

CHAPTER 1: THE BIOSPHERE
The living planet
Productivity and the carbon cycle

CHAPTER 2: THE DIVERSITY OF ORGANISMS
Biodiversity
Evolution and systematics
Groups and names
Species concepts and diversity assessment
Numbers of living species
The diversity of living organisms
The phyla of living organisms

CHAPTER 3: BIODIVERSITY THROUGH TIME
The fossil record
Patterns of diversification
Patterns of extinction

CHAPTER 4: HUMANS AND BIODIVERSITY
Use of natural resources
Human origins
Impacts of early hominids on the environment
Appropriation of net primary production
Current use of wild resources

CHAPTER 5: PATTERNS AND TRENDS IN GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY
The distribution of biological diversity
Diversity as a basis for conservation action
Global trends in biodiversity
Recent vertebrate extinctions

CHAPTER 6: MARINE BIODIVERSITY
The seas
The composition and movement of seawater
The major zones of the oceans
The basis of life in the seas
Biological diversity in the seas
Vertebrate diversity in the seas
Major marine communities
Shallow water communities
Corals and coral reefs
Seagrasses
Algae and kelp forests
Oceanic pelagic communities
Deep-sea communities
Human use of and impact on the oceans
World marine capture fisheries
Other major impacts on the marine biosphere
The current status of marine biodiversity
Management of marine ecosystems

CHAPTER 7: TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY
The terrestrial biosphere
Forests
Temperate needleleaf forests
Tropical moist forests
Tropical dry forests
Sparse trees and parkland
Forest plantations
Changes in forest cover
Pressures on forest biodiversity
Forest protection and management
Non-forest ecosystems
Tundra
Grasslands and savannas
Shrublands
Deserts and semi-deserts
The status of terrestrial biodiversity

CHAPTER 8: INLAND WATER BIODIVERSITY
Inland water habitats
Lotic systems: rivers and catchment basins
Lentic systems
Wetlands
Diversity in inland waters
Inland water animals
Inland waters and humankind
Uses of inland water species
Other major factors influencing inland water ecosystems
The current status of inland water biodiversity
Assessment of the status of inland water ecosystems

Index
Brian Groombridge is Senior Programme Officer, Forests, Drylands and Freshwater Programme of UNEP-WCMC. Martin D. Jenkins is Senior Advisor, Species Conservation at UNEP-WCMC.
“The book ranks as the best overview of biodiversity available. It is strongly recommended to all who care about life on earth -- and who doesn’t?”—Times Higher Ed Supplement (Thes)
“Thumbing through the pages of this beautiful and well-produced book gives one pleasure and an urge to own it...With its rich supply of information, the Atlas is likely to become a landmark in the biodiversity literature.”—Osvaldo Sala Science (AAAS)
"Clothbound, lap-sized and hefty, its thick pages packed with sherbet-colored graphs and maps, the World Atlas of Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century (University of California Press, $54.95) is as handsome as a coffee-table book but smarter by factors of 10....Sometimes harrowing but never polemical, the book allows readers to draw their own conclusions. It's an impressive sourcebook that deserves a prominent place on the shelves (or coffee tables) of policy-makers the world over. "—Nature Conservancy Magazine
“An essential reference for any educator, and specifically as a reserve book for conservation biology and environmental studies courses.”—Stuart B Weiss Qtly Review Of Biology
"This is an exciting piece of work—well-written, well-researched, and authoritative."—Simon A. Levin, Editor-in-Chief of Encyclopedia of Biodiversity

"The book amounts to a detailed report card on the status of the world's biodiversity resources at the beginning of the new millenium. It brings together, and integrates to substantial degrees, huge amounts of information that is widely scattered in both technical literature and in governmental and NGO reports."—Malcolm Gordon, co-author of Invasions of the Land: The Transitions of Organisms from Aquatic to Terrestrial Life

"It is an amazingly diverse collection of data on global biological diversity--very effectively analysed and displayed."—David J. Chivers, Wildlife Research Group, University of Cambridge

"An indispensable resource on information about Earth's biological variety and why its conservation is crucially important for human survival and well being. This volume should be in the hands of biologists, policymakers, educators, and the general public concerned with our global environment."—Joel Cracraft, Curator-in-Charge, Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History

"A thorough and up-to-the-minute account of the variety of life on Earth and how fast it is shrinking. One cannot plan strategically to prevent the loss of that variety without the information and maps that this excellent and timely book provides."—Stuart Pimm, Columbia University

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