The division of land and consolidation of territory that created the Greek polis also divided sacred from productive space, sharpened distinctions between purity and pollution, and created a ritual system premised on gender difference. Regional sanctuaries ameliorated competition between city-states, publicized the results of competitive rituals for males, and encouraged judicial alternatives to violence. Female ritual efforts, focused on reproduction and the health of the family, are less visible, but, as this provocative study shows, no less significant. Taking a fresh look at the epigraphical evidence for Greek ritual practice in the context of recent studies of landscape and political organization, Susan Guettel Cole illuminates the profoundly gendered nature of Greek cult practice and explains the connections between female rituals and the integrity of the community.
In a rich integration of ancient sources and current theory, Cole brings together the complex evidence for Greek ritual practice. She discusses relevant medical and philosophical theories about the female body; considers Greek ideas about purity, pollution, and ritual purification; and examines the cult of Artemis in detail. Her nuanced study demonstrates the social contribution of women's rituals to the sustenance of the polis and the identity of its people.
1. CLAIMING A HOMELAND
Using the Land
Space and Community
Genealogy and Gendered Landscapes
2. RITUAL SPACE
Drawing the Boundaries between Human and Divine
Discovering Sacred Space and Creating Ritual Space
Mapping the Urban Community
Hierarchies of Sacred Space
3. INVENTING THE CENTER
Finding the Center
Ritual Narratives of Centrality and Judicial Success
4. THE RITUAL BODY
Hebe’s Hens and Herakles’ Roosters
"Women, Dogs, and Flies"
Body Language and Ritual Gesture
" I Write the Oaths of a Woman in Water"
Serving the Gods
The Delphic Bee
5. THE PLAGUE OF INFERTILITY
Male Reproductive Anxiety
Bodies of Water and Miniature Landscapes
Sterility and the Crisis of Paternity
6. LANDSCAPES OF ARTEMIS
Typologies of Sacred Space
Boundaries and Combat
Epiphany and Crisis
The Lay of the Land
Unifying Center and Borderland
7. DOMESTICATING ARTEMIS
At the Margins
The Anger of Artemis
The Cycle of Reproduction
Inscribing Civic Success
The Naked and the Clothed
Glossary of Greek Terms
Susan Guettel Cole is Professor of Classics at the University at Buffalo (SUNY) and author of Theoi Megaloi: The Cult of the Great Gods at Samothrace (1984).
"With its wealth of information and unexpected juxtapositions, this is a book that every classicist interested in religion, gender, and the history of the polis will want to own."—Susan Lape, Princeton University Bryn Mawr Classical Review
“Indispensable and invabluable”—L. J. Alderink Choice