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Cacti

Biology and Uses

Park S. Nobel (Editor)

Available worldwide

Hardcover, 290 pages
ISBN: 9780520231573
July 2002
$73.95, £54.95
The Cactaceae family, with about sixteen hundred species, is cultivated worldwide for fruits, forage, fodder, and even as a vegetable. Cacti are recognized for their attractive flowers, special stem shapes, and ability to tolerate drought. Because of their efficient use of water and other adaptations, biological and agronomic interest in cacti has soared. These fascinating plants also have much to teach us about biodiversity and conservation. Yet a current, synthetic, wide-ranging reference on cacti has not been available until now. This comprehensive book, compiled by a well-known cactus biologist, includes authoritative, up-to-date chapters by thirty-five contributors from around the world on topics ranging from evolution to biotechnology. It is the first book of its kind to compile information on cactus biology, ecology, and uses in one convenient place.

The first half of the book provides a thorough overview of cactus biology and morphology and discusses the environmental and conservation issues that affect the plants. It includes a discussion of the evolution of the family, paying particular attention to new genetic and molecular approaches. The second half of the book focuses on the practical concerns of cultivating cacti, such as pest control and diseases, horticultural and forage applications, and techniques for agronomy. Other chapters cover the different markets for cacti and products that are made from them.

This unique volume will be a reliable and informative reference for ecologists and environmentalists, agriculturists, plant biologists, and anyone seriously interested in these remarkable plants.
List of Contributors
Preface

1. Evolution and Systematics
Robert S. Wallace and Arthur C. Gibson
2. Shoot Anatomy and Morphology
Teresa Terrazas Salgado and James D. Mauseth
3. Root Structure and Function
Joseph G. Dubrovsky and Gretchen B. North
4. Environmental Biology
Park S. Nobel and Edward G. Bobich
5. Reproductive Biology
Eulogio Pimienta-Barrios and Rafael F. del Castillo
6. Population and Community Ecology
Alfonso Valiente Banuet and Héctor Godínez-Alvarez
7. Consumption of Platyopuntias by Wild Vertebrates
Eric Mellink and Mónica E. Riojas-López
8. Biodiversity and Conservation
Thomas H. Boyle and Edward F. Anderson
9. Mesoamerican Domestication and Diffusion
Alejandro Casas and Giuseppe Barbera
10.Cactus Pear Fruit Production
Paolo Inglese, Filadelfio Basile, and Mario Schirra
11. Fruits of Vine and Columnar Cacti
Avinoam Nerd, Noemi Tel-Zur, and Yosef Mizrahi
12. Forage, Fodder, and Animal Nutrition
Ali Nefzaoui and Hichem Ben Salem
13. Nopalitos, Mucilage, Fiber, and Cochineal
Carmen Sáenz-Hernández, Joel Corrales-Garcia, and Gildardo Aquino-Pérez
14. Insect Pests and Diseases
Helmuth G. Zimmermann and Giovanni Granata
15. Cactus Breeding and Biotechnology
Brad Chapman, Candelario Mondragon Jacobo, Ronald A. Bunch, and Andrew H. Paterson

Index
Park S. Nobel is Professor of Biology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of eight books, including Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology (second edition, 1999), Remarkable Agaves and Cacti (1994), Environmental Biology of Agaves and Cacti (1988), and, with A.C. Gibson, The Cactus Primer (1986).
"There is nothing in the world like this book. It should be in every library and on the bookshelves of all those interested in cacti. The book will be an important resource for plant physiology, agronomy, and horticulture classes at both the undergraduate and graduate level."—Bruce Smith, Brigham Young University

"Cacti: Biology and Uses is a landmark publication of one of the world's most unique group of plants. Park Nobel, a leading authority on succulent plants, has assembled a collection of contributions that spans a wide range of issues extending from basic systematics, anatomy, physiology and ecology to considerations of conservation and human uses of this diverse group of plants. This nicely-produced and well-illustrated volume provides a resource that will be of great use to a wide range of scientists, practitioners, and enthusiasts of this plant group."—Harold Mooney, Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University
List of Contributors Edward F. Anderson (Deceased), Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, Arizona

Gildardo Aquino-Perez, Insituto de Recursos Geneticos y Productividad, Montecillo, Mexico

Guiseppe Barbera, Istituto di Coltivazioni Arboree, Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Italy

Filadelfio Basile, Dipartimento Scienze Economico-Agrarie ed Estimativ, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Italy

Hichem Ben Salem, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie, Laboratoire de Nutrition Animale, Ariana, Tunisia

Edward G. Bobich, Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles

Thomas H. Boyle, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Ronald A. Bunch, D'Arrigo Bros. Co., Salinas, California

Alejandro Casas, Departamento de Ecologia de los Recursos Naturales, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Morelia

Brad Chapman, Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens

Joel Corrales-Garcia, Departamento de Ingenieria Agroindustrial, Universidad Autonoma de Chapingo, Mexico

Rafael F. del Castillo, Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigacion para el Desarrollo Integral Regional Unidad Oaxaca, Mexico

Joseph G. Dubrovsky, Departamento de Biologia Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Cuernavaca

Arthur C. Gibson, Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles

Hector Godinez-Alvarez, Departamento de Ecologia Funcional y Aplicada, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City

Giovanni Granata, Dipartimento di Scienze e Technologie Fitosanitartie, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Italy

Paolo Inglese, Istituto di Coltivazioni Arboree, Palermo, Italy

James D. Mauseth, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin

Eric Mellink, Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Mexico

Yosef Mizrahi, Department of Life Sciences and Institutes for Applied Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Candelario Mondragon Jacobo, Programa de Nopal y Frutales, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias, Queretaro, Mexico

Ali Nefzaoui, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie, Laboratoire de Nutrition Animale, Ariana, Tunisia

Avinoam Nerd, Institutes for Applied Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Park S. Nobel, Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles

Gretchen B. North, Department of Biology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, California

Andrew H. Paterson, Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens

Eulogio Pimienta-Barrios, Departamento de Ecologia, Centro Universitario de Ceincias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico

Monica E. Riojas-Lopez, Departamento de Ecologia, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biologicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico

Carmen Saenz-Hernandez, Departamento de Agroindustria y Enologia, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago

Mario Schirra, Instituto per la Fisologia della Maturazione e della Conservazione del Frutto delle Specie Arboree Mediterranee, Oristano, Italy

Noemi Tel-Zur, Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Teresa Terrazas Salgado, Programa de Botanica, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Mexico

Alfonso Valiente-Banuet, Departamento de Ecologia Funcional y Aplicada, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City

Robert S. Wallace, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames

Helmuth G. Zimmerman, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa

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