Nation-building and the construction of citizenship, so often conducted—or coerced—from the center, are all too commonly studied from the center as well. This book moves the view of cultural citizenship to the periphery—specifically to the perspective of hinterland groups in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Sarawak, East Malaysia—to show that notions of nationhood and citizenship are not given, but created in dialogue between the state and local communities.
Written by an emergent generation of anthropologists, these essays address the question of how the identities of peoples whose lives are "marginal" to the modern nation-state have nonetheless been shaped by the impingement of the nation-state on their worlds. Together, these essays make a powerful contribution to understanding how cultural diversity in some parts of Southeast Asia has been reconfigured as modern states have promoted distinctive and powerfully-backed "imaginings" of nations.
Introduction: The Borders of Belonging
1. The Martyr and the Mayor: On the Politics of Identity in the Southern Philippines
2. Moro, Muslim, or Filipino? Cultural Citizenship as Practice and Process
3. The Forest and the Nation: Negotiating Citizenship in Sarawak, East Malaysia
—J. Peter Brosius
4. Who Appears in the Family Album? Writing the History of Indonesia's Revolutionary Struggle
—Jane Monnig Atkinson
5. Citizens as Spectators: Citizenship as a Communicative Practice on the Eastern Indonesian Island of Sumba
—Joel C. Kuipers
6. The News in the Provinces
—Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
List of Contributors
Renato Rosaldo is Lucie Stern Professor in the Social Sciences and Professor of Cultural and Social Anthropology at Stanford University and the author of Culture and Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis (1989) and Ilongot Headhunting, 1883-1974: A Study in Society and History (1980).
“Provides unique insights into studies of citizenship and the mechanisms of marginalization. . . . Also contributes to ethnographies of Island Southeast Asia, providing new viewpoints.”—Asian Folklore Stds
"This important book, full of new and original perspectives, will be of great interest to students and specialists of Southeast Asia. It also makes important contributions to the anthropological and historical study of cultural citizenship, postcolonial nation building, and the dynamics of ethnic identity."—Suzanne Brenner, author of The Domestication of Desire: Women, Wealth, and Modernity in Java
"This stimulating volume of essays makes a very strong contribution to an understanding of how pre-modern cultural diversity in some parts of Southeast Asia have been reconfigured as modern states have promoted distinctive and powerfully backed 'imagingings' of nation."—Charles Keyes, author of Social Memory and Crises of Modernity: Politics of Identity in Thailand and Laos
"This tightly focused and high quality volume will make an important contribution to Southeast Asian studies, while connecting the rich ethnographic literature of that region with a set of contemporary theoretical questions that transcend geographic areas."—James Ferguson, author of Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt