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City of Walls

Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in São Paulo

Teresa P. R. Caldeira (Author)

Available worldwide

Paperback, 504 pages
ISBN: 9780520221437
April 2001
$34.95, £24.95
Teresa Caldeira's pioneering study of fear, crime, and segregation in São Paulo poses essential questions about citizenship and urban change in contemporary democratic societies. Focusing on São Paulo, and using comparative data on Los Angeles, she identifies new patterns of segregation developing in these cities and suggests that these patterns are appearing in many metropolises.
List of Maps, Illustrations, and Tables
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction: Anthropology with an Accent

PART ONE: The Talk of Crime
1. Talking of Crime and Ordering the World
Crime as a Disorganizing Experience and an Organizing Symbol
Violence and Signification
From Progress to Economic Crisis, from Authoritarianism to Democracy
2. Crisis, Criminals, and the Spread of Evil
Limits to Modernization
Going Down Socially and Despising the Poor
The Experiences of Violence
Dilemmas of Classification and Discrimination
Evil and Authority

PART TWO: Violent Crime and the Failure of the Rule of Law
3. The Increase in Violent Crime
Tailoring the Statistics
Crime Trends, 1973-1996
Looking for Explanations
4. The Police: A Long History of Abuses
A Critique of the Incomplete Modernity Model
Organization of the Police Forces
A Tradition of Transgressions
5. Police Violence under Democracy
Escalating Police Violence
Promoting a “Tough” Police
The Massacre at the Casa de Detenção
The Police from the Citizens’ Point of View
Security as a Private Matter
The Cycle of Violence

PART THREE: Urban Segregation, Fortified Enclaves, and Public Space
6. São Paulo: Three Patterns of Spatial Segregation
The Concentrated City of Early Industrialization
Center-Periphery: The Dispersed City
Proximity and Walls in the 198s and 199s
7. Fortified Enclaves: Building Up Walls and Creating a New Private Order
Private Worlds for the Elite
From Cortiços to Luxury Enclaves
A Total Way of Life: Advertising Residential Enclaves for the Rich
Keeping Order inside the Walls
Resisting the Enclaves
An Aesthetic of Security
8. The Implosion of Modern Public Life
The Modern Ideal of Public Space and City Life
Garden City and Modernism: The Lineage of the Fortified Enclave
Street Life: Incivility and Aggression
Experiencing the Public
The Neo-international Style: São Paulo and Los Angeles
Contradictory Public Space

PART FOUR: Violence, Civil Rights, and the Body
9. Violence, the Unbounded Body, and the Disregard for Rights in Brazilian Democracy
Human Rights as “Privileges for Bandits”
Debating Capital Punishment
Punishment as Private and Painful Vengeance
Body and Rights

Appendix
Notes
References
Index
Teresa P. R. Caldeira is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Irvine. She has been a professor of anthropology at the State University of Campinas (Unicamp) and a senior researcher at the Brazilian Center of Analysis and Planning (Cebrap) in São Paulo.
"This is an extraordinary treatment of a difficult problem. . . . Much more than a conventional comparative study, City of Walls is a genuinely transcultural, transnational work—the first of its kind that I have read."—George E. Marcus, author of Ethnography Through Thick & Thin

"Caldeira's work is wonderfully ambitious-theoretically bold, ethnographically rich, historically specific. Anyone who cares about the condition and future of cities, of democracy, of human rights should read this book."—Thomas Bender, Director of the Project on Cities and Urban Knowledges

"City of Walls is a brilliant analysis of the dynamics of urban fear. The sophistication of Caldeira's arguments should stimulate new discussion of cities and urban life. Its significance goes far beyond the borders of Brazil."—Margaret Crawford, Professor of Urban Planning and Design Theory, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University

"Caldeira's insight illuminates the geography of the city as well as the boundaries—or the lack of boundaries—of violence."—Paul Chevigny, author of Edge of the Knife: Police Violence in the Americas

"An extraordinary account of violence in the city. . . . Caldeira brings to this task a rare depth of knowledge and understanding."—Saskia Sassen, author of Globalization and Its Discontents

"An outstanding contribution to understanding authoritarian continuity under political reform. Caldeira has written a brilliant and bleak analysis on the many challenges and obstacles which government and civil society face in new democracies."—Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, Director of the Center for the Study of Violence, University of São Paulo and Member of the United Nations Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights

2001 Senior Book Prize, American Ethnological Society

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