From the Preface by Bradford Burns:If this essay succeeds, it will open an interpretive window providing a different perspective of Latin America's recent past. At first glance, the view might seem to be of the conventional landscape of modernization, but I hope a steady gaze will reveal it to be far vaster and more complex. For one thing, rather than enumerating the benefits accruing to Latin America as modernization became a dominant feature of the social, economic, and political life of the region, this essay regards the imposition of modernization as the catalyst of a devastating cultural struggle and as a barrier to Latin America's development. Clearly if a window to the past is opened by this essay, then so too is a new door to controversy. After most of the nations of Latin America gained political independence, their leaders rapidly accelerated trends more leisurely under way since the closing decades of the eighteenth century: the importation of technology and ideas with their accompanying values from Western Europe north of the Pyrenees and the full entrance into the world's capitalistic marketplace. Such trends shaped those new nations more profoundly than their advocates probably had realized possible. Their promoters moved forward steadfastly within the legacy of some basic institutions bequeathed by centuries of Iberian rule. That combination of hoary institutions with newer, non-Iberian technology, values, and ideas forged contemporary Latin America with its enigma of overwhelming poverty amid potential plenty. This essay emphasizes that the victory of the European oriented ruling elites over the Latin American folk with their community values resulted only after a long and violent struggle, which characterized most of the nineteenth century. Whatever advantages might have resulted from the success of the elites, the victory also fastened two dominant and interrelated characteristics on contemporary Latin America: a deepening dependency and the declining quality of life for the majority.
1. The Nineteen Century: Progress and Cultural Conflict
2. The Elite Preference for Progress
3. Preservation and Glorification of the Elite Preference
4. An Intellectual Counterpoint
5. The Patriarchal Preference
6. The Folk Speak
7. The Poverty of Progress
Bradford E. Burns, was a prolific author of 150 books on Latin America and a popular UCLA history professor for nearly three decades.
"Put this at the top of your reading list. It addresses 'the major enigma of Latin America: prevalent poverty in a potentially wealthy region.'"--Times of Americas "The well-documented thesis of this book is that the victory of the European-oriented ruling class over the Latin American folk, with their community values, fastensed on contemporary Latin America a deepening dependency and the declining quality of life for the majority. In the process the lack of social and economic justice engendered violence. . . . A significant contribution."--Latin America in Books "A thought-provoking argument about Latin America that forces us to come to grips with all effects of the panacea called development."--Caribbean Review